A social risks and opportunities toolkit, produced by EAP and International Alert, is available for public consultation from April 2006. The toolkit has been developed to help manage the social risks and opportunities associated with engineering projects in developing countries. It will comprise guidance that can be easily integrated into existing project and business risk systems.
Comprehensive environmental and social impact assessment (ESIA) is generally required of most large projects. It will normally be mandated by national government legislation or specified by the client (major donors, IFC, World Bank, Multinational companies) or financing institutions (Equator Principles). ESIA looks at the impact of the project and delivered infrastructure and should identify key risks and the way the project proponent is to mitigate them. ESIA should be an integral part of the planning and design of large projects.